Turbellarian taxonomic database
Marcus E 1950 (citation)- "Haploposthiidae" with large frontal glands, short muscular atrium, without a
penis or cuticularization of the atrium. Ovaries paired, ventral. Epicytium with nuclei
entirely sunken in all the anterior region of the body" [Bush translation].
Kuma brevicauda type species.
Marcus E 1952 (citation)- Epicytium with nuclei entirely sunken in all the anterior region of the body
eliminates this as K. belca. K belca has intra-epithelial nuclei. Discussion of K. belca and
Dorjes J 1968 (citation)- p 97 defines, lists as type K. brevicauda. 2 species K. brevicauda Marcus 1950
and K belca Marcus 1952.
Faubel A 1976 (citation)- compares with Haploposthia and Afronta and redefines p 34-35. Diagnosis:
"Uncolored. Frontal glands many. Rhabdite glands of common type. Mouth ventral. Ovary
paired or unpaired. Testes on both sides of body. Germinal center for eggs and sperm
separated. Copulatory organ with a seminal vesicle and an atrium opening terminally at
posterior end. Penis lacking ((only in K. albiventer (Marcus 1954) a short penis papilla
developed)); no female accessory organs. Brain insunken."
Tyler S 1979 (citation)- used Kuma species in Electron Microscopy work.
Fox CA, Powell EN 1987 (citation)- effects of oxygen and sulfide on.
Smith JPS 1981 (citation)-
Smith JPS 1982 (citation)- Fine-structural anatomy of the parenchyma in the acoela and nematodermatida
(Turbellaria). Taxa include Convoluta, Diopisthoporus longitubis, Kuma, Nemertoderma, and Paratomella rubra.