Turbellarian taxonomic database
Duges A 1832 (citation)- description of Catenula lemnae p 198-204, p 204 Genus Catenula new genus definition,
Three species: C. lemnae, C. linnaei, C. gesserensis
Leidy J 1850 (citation)- defines new genus and species, Anortha gracilis.
Diesing KM 1862 (citation)- p 237 definition.
Graff L v 1882 (citation)- lists as Stenostomum gracilis- says it was Anortha gracilis.
Sekera E 1889 (citation)- definition of genus Catenula, p 344.
Luther A 1907 (citation)- "Catenulida with a circular groove which is preoral and with cilia longer than on
the rest of the body, without ciliated pits, with statocysts, without eyes" [Bush translation]
Graff L v 1909 (citation)- old definition and keys to species for Germany. Definition p 65.
Graff L v 1911 (citation)- Genus Anortha = Catenula.
Wilhelmi J 1913 (citation)- mentions p 67, 82, 118, lists p 11.
Reisinger E 1924 (citation)- discription p 34 as Duges.
Sekera E 1924 (citation)- on genus Catenula, extensive literature review and discussion.
Ruebush TK 1941 (citation)- in his key p 30.
Marcus E 1945 (citation)- key to certain species of this genus, definition and discussion. Discusses
species not represented in his material.
Marcus E 1945 (citation)- many references to details in this genus.
Hyman LH 1951 (citation)- vol 2, p 93, notes statocyst in the genus; p 137 notes this genus.
Nuttycombe JW 1956 (citation)- gives detailed history of the gens, key to species in Eastern, USA, etc.
says most common form here - uses Graff's (1913) criteria for the genus which he gives as
"cephalic region delimited posteriorly by ciliated pre-orgal groove; anterior region of
digestive tract differentiated as a simple pharynx; eye-spots absent; statocyst present in the
anterior end of each zooid; protonephridial tube mesio-dorsally placed; paired ciliated pits
Notes Marcus 1945 considers the intestine occupying only middle of zooid important- also one of
Marcus' species lacks a statocyst.
Moraczewski J 1981 (citation)- "The fine structure of some Catenulida (Turbellaria Archoophora)." Species
included in the study were Catenula leptocephala and Catenula lemnae.
Notes from synonyms