Turbellarian taxonomic database

Stenostomum leucops


Duges A 1828 (citation)- Stenostomum leucops leucops.
Ehrenberg CG 1837 (citation)- lists Duges Derostomum leucops = Derostomum leucops Ehrenberg
Corda ACJ 1838 (citation)- Stylacium isabellinum.
Schmidt O 1848 (citation)- description and illustration, gives synonyms Microstoma leucops Oersted ? and
	Derostoma leucops Duges ?. 

Schmidt O 1852 (citation)- differentiates S. torneense from species leucops and unicolor.
Schmidt O 1858 (citation)- lists from Krakau as Stenostomum leucops Schmidt 1848.	
Diesing KM 1862 (citation)- p 238-9 definition and reference.  Lists synonyms:
	Microstomum (Stenostomum) achroophthalmum Diesing and Microstomum (Eumicrostomum) leucops Oersted.
	p 235 lists as synonym of his Anotorelis unicolor and Microstomum achroophthalmum.

Vejdovsky F 1882 (citation)- as Stenostomum leucops Duges description p 56-57, Figures V 17 and VI 1-9.
	Synonyms:
		Derostoma leucops Duges
		Microstomum leucops Oersted
		Microstomum (Sten) achroophthalmum Diesing
		Microstomum leucops  Schmidt
		Microstomum leucops  Schultze
		Microstomum leucops  Leuchart
	
Graff L v 1882 (citation)- long description and discussion.
Braun M 1884 (citation)- reports from Baltic.
Braun M 1885 (citation)- p 140 definition.
Silliman WA 1885 (citation)- brief note, reference, Monroe County, New York, USA.
Zacharias O 1885 (citation)- on anatomy of this specis, in Graff 1904-8 #490.
Zacharias O 1888 (citation)- lists from Alps.
Sekera E 1888 (citation) and/or (citation)- lists in genus with Schmidt 1848.
Fuhrmann O 1894 (citation)- description and figure of entire animal.
Woodworth WM 1897 (citation)- lists this as occuring in Illinois and gives detailed description.
Ritter WE, Congdon EM 1900 (citation)- experiments on sectioning of.
Sekera E 1903 (citation)- on reproductive organs.
Graff L v 1904-08 (citation)- Corda reference #74 Stylacium isabellinum probably = Stenostomum leucops.
Brinkmann A 1905 (citation)- notes occurence, lists as O. Schmidt 1848.
Sekera E 1906 (citation)- on reproductive organs.
Luther A 1907 (citation)- discusses characters of this species.
Hofsten N v 1907 (citation)- lists from Sweden.
Graff L v 1909 (citation)- description and illustration, in Europe, common, on life history, etc.
Graff L v 1910 (citation) reports Stenostomum tenuicauda from the United States.
Graff L v 1911 (citation)- found this near Rochester, New York, USA, brief description, notes, other reports.
	Description of Stenostomum tenuicauda found at Rochester, fish ponds at Cold Spring
	Harbor, USA etc.  Illustration on Plate II.

Graff L v 1911 (citation)- reports Stenostomum tenuicauda from the United States.	
Graff L v 1913 (citation)- p 17 Stylacium listed as synonym of Stenostomum, p 18 Stylacium isabellinum
	listed as synonym of leucops ?  Oersted AS 1844 (citation) listed Microstomum leucops, new species. 

Wilhelmi J 1913 (citation)- illustration of excretory organs p 78, and 93. 
Meixner J 1915 (citation)- reports from Austria, note on.
Nasonov NV 1917 (citation)- note on (in Russian) Finland; and illustration of ganglion?
Higley R 1918 (citation)- reports in Mississippi Basin, description of habitat, behavior, etc.  reports
	Stenostomum tenuicauda with S. leucops in midwest, USA, notes differences.

Luther A 1918 (citation)- records from Finland.
Nasonov NV 1919 (citation)- note on (in Russian) Russia.  note on Stenostomum tenuicauda (in Russian) Russia.
Nasonov NV 1921 (citation)- lists for Petrograd.
Hartmann M 1922 (citation)- in regeneration experiments, length of repeated on without degeneration, etc.
Westblad E 1923 (citation) and (citation)- on digestion and excretion in.
Nasonov NV 1924 (citation)- note on (in Russian) Crimea
Nasonov NV 1925 (citation)- note on Kola penninsula.
Nasonov NV 1926 (citation)- note on in Leningrad.
Nasonov NV 1926 (citation)- from Lake Baikal. 
Nasonov NV 1929 (citation)- note on Stenostomum tenuicauda in Lenigrad.
Okugawa KI 1930 (citation)- lists from Japan.
Steinbock O 1931 (citation)- from Foroes, references and distribution p 2, from Europe and North America,
	on ecology of p 22.

Gieysztor M 1931 (citation)- reports from Spain, p 268, 269.
Steinbock O 1932 (citation)- reports from Arctic.	
Bresslau E 1933 (citation)- p 220, figure 229, diagram of asexual reproduction, length 3-5 mm, whitish, in
	fresh water of Europe, Asia and North America, also in brackish water in the Ostsee and the
	Atlantic Coast.  Stenostomum tenuicauda p 220, figure 228 diagram of method of asexual reproduction
	length 1.5mm whitish- fresh water in North America.

Steinbock O 1933 (citation)- synonyms and occurence.
Southern R 1936 (citation)- reports in Ireland.
Meixner J 1938 (citation)-p 78, figure 78 detail of anterior end, execretory canal, sensory pits, etc.
Ferguson FF, Stirewalt MA, Brown TD, Hayes WJ 1939 (citation)- Stenostomum tenuicauda, report from Mountain 
	Lake Biological Station, Southwestern Virginia, USA.	
	
Gieysztor M, Szynal E 1939 (citation)- reports from Carpathia, p 127; distribution 147-149.
An der Lan H 1939 (citation)- p 198 lists from Balkans.
Marcus E 1945 (citation)- says Duges (1828), Schmidt 1848 and Graff 1875 descriptions are so general, so
	varient, etc. as to sound like the genus - species cannot be recognized.  Stenostomum tenuicauda Graff,
	illustration and description from Brazil.  Description and illustration of Stenostomum amphotum from
	Brazil.  New species description, p 59-60, figure 32.	

Marcus E 1945 (citation)- refers to details of p 24, 38, 39, 42, 46, 50, 51, 67.  Stenostomum tenuicauda, 
	details of p 4, 8, 22, 40, 42, 45, 46, 49, 50-57, 58, 67.	lists Stenostomum amphotum, detailed 
	cross section of ciliated pit, also figure of anterior end, brain, etc.  See figures 11 and 12.  
	Many references to this species.
	
Marcus E 1946 (citation)- lists this as species dubium, p 5.
Westblad E 1948 (citation)- p 64, mentions studies on gut cells of.
Steinbock O 1948 (citation)- lists.
Correa DD 1949 (citation)- mentions digestion in p 187, 188.
Marcus E 1949 (citation)- footnote on this p 94-5, should be dropped?  Mentions Stenostomum tenuicauda p 15.
	 Stenostomum amphotum, mentions p 15, and 94.  = leucops?  see footnotes.

Marcus E 1950 (citation)- Stenostomum amphotum, mentions p 73.	 
Ax P 1951 (citation)- reports from Kieler Bucht.
Hyman LH 1951 (citation)- vol 2, Stenostomum tenuicauda, notes pair of ciliated pits, p 96, illustration of 
	entire animal and enlarged view of bowl shaped body.  p 195, Nuttycombe JW, Waters AJ 1938 (citation) kept
	a culture of these for 11 years, not sexual reproduction occurred in over 1,000 generations.

Marcus E 1954 (citation)- Stenostomum tenuicauda, good illustration of male reproductive organs, other details
	mentioned.

Marcus EDB-R 1957 (citation)- in comparison p 173 on pharynx.			
Luther A 1960 (citation)- Stenostomum leucops leucops (Duges 1828).  Complete description and good illustration,
	synonomy.  Lumps several species together here and doesn't agree with 
	Nuttycombe JW, Waters AJ 1938 (citation), Marcus etc.  Also and new subspecies 
	Stenostomum leucops aquariorum.   Says S. torneense = S. leucops.  
	Says Stenostomum tenuicauda  = S. leucops.
	Stenostomum amphotum = Stenostomum tenuicaudatum = Stenostomum leucops

Ax P 1961 (citation)- note on pharynx of Stenostomum amphotum..	
Rixen J-U 1961 (citation)- distribution, comment on variation, comment on taxonomic uncertainty, etc.
Beklemischev VN 1969 (citation)- Vol II, p 148, illustration of sensory pits of.  p 333 diagram of 
	Stenostomum tenuicauda excretory system.
	
Kolasa J 1971 (citation)- reports in Poland.
Kolasa J 1973 (citation)- reports in Poland.
Mack-Fira V 1974 (citation)- on occurence in Black Sea and geographic distribution.
Mead AP, Kolasa J 1984 (citation)- record from Nigeria.
Kolasa J 1982 (citation)- ecology of, interstitial.


Reuter M, Raikova OI, Gustafsson MKS 2001 (citation)- Phylogeny, neurons, muscles.  Acoela and Nemertodermatida
studies of neuroanatomy.  Species used include:
  Catenulida  
     Stenostomum leucops Duges 1828
  Macrostomida
     Macrostomum lineare Muller 1774
  Acoela
     Anaperus biaculeatus Boguta 1970
     Childia groenlandica Levinsen 1879
     Faerla glomerata Westblad 1942
     Paraphanostomum crassum Westblad 1942
     Avagina incola Leiper 1902
  Nemertodermatida
     Nemertoderma westbladi Steinbock 1938
     Mera stichopi Westblad 1949


Carranza S, Baguna J, Riutort M 1997 (citation)- Using 18S rDNA sequences to look at the phylogeny of
Platyhelminthes.  Species of Turbellaria used include the following:  Crenobia alpina, Dendrocoelum lacteum,
Monocelis lineata, Archiloa rivularis, Geocentrophora sp., Mesocastrada sp., Nemertinoides elongatus,
Urastoma sp., Macrostomum tuba, Microstomum lineare, Discocelis tigrina, Planocera multitentaculata,
Stenostomum leucops, Convoluta pulchra, Convoluta naikaiensis.  New sequences reported for many of these
species.


Reuter, M, Maule AG, Halton DW, Gustafsson MKS, Shaw C. 1995 (citation)- "The organization of the nervous system
in Plathelminthes. The neuropeptide F-immunoreactive pattern in Catenulida, Macrostomida, Proseriata." 
Species studied:
     Archilopsis unipunctata
     Promonotus schultzei
     Paramonotus hamatus
     Stenostomum leucops
     Microstomum lineare  

Comparisons to other species.


Reuter M 1994 (citation)- "Substance P imunoreactivity in sensory structures and the central and pharyngeal
nervous system of Stenostomum leucops (Catenulida) and Microstomum lineare (Macrostomida)."


Reuter M, Kuusisto A 1992 (citation)- "Growth factors in asexually reproducing Catenulida and Macrostomida
(Plathelminthes)?"  A confocal, immunocytochemical and experimental study.