Turbellarian taxonomic database

Mecynostomum tenuissimum Notes

Marcus E 1950 (citation) pg. 102: 'Mecynostomum tenuissimum (Westbl.) (Fig. 14-15) occurs in gray mud in about 5m
depth on the coast of the island of São Sebastião.  The present specimens show some minor differences from the
northern ones:  the frontal glands (f) are a little more developed, scarce cutaneous glands (g) are present,
the posterior retractors were not seen, but dorso-ventral muscles (h) in the same region.  The bursa seminalis
is absent, and not even masses of sperms were found behind the ovaries.  Big cells (x) in the caudal
ectocytium may be glandular and perhaps produce the secretion by which the animals stick to mud-particles. 
The nuclei (n) of the epicytium are depressed in the pre-oral region of the body.'

Marcus E 1950 (citation)- Describes species from Brazil and says this is synonymous with Mecynostomum tenuissimum (Westblad, 1946).
	Pg. 12, 102.
Dorjes J 1968 (citation)- moves to Avagina (=Avagina tenuissima) pg. 86.
Dorjes J 1972 (citation)- says does not belong here (in Avagina)- sets up Genus Proaphanostoma.
Dorjes J, Karling TG 1975 (citation)- Lists Westblad species in Proaphanostoma-  Swedish Museum of Natural History- North Sea. 
Also, moves Brazil species to genus Avagina (= Avagina marci n. sp.)

Notes for the valid (accepted) taxonomic name

Notes for Avagina marci

Dorjes J, Karling TG 1975 (citation)- Swedish Museum of Natural History. Marcus' specimens are
	not same as Mecynostomum tenuissimum to which Marcus assigned them- differences between 
	the 2 species given.-----"Westblad (1946) described Aphanostoma tenuissimum; in 1948 the same 
	author changed the genus name into Mecynostomum. Beside other criteria he mentioned the absence 
	of cutaneous glands and the presence of a posterior retractor and an indistinct bursa or instead of this
	mass of sperms behind the ovaries. 
	Marcus (1950) mentioned specimens of Mecynostomum tenuissimum from the coast of Brazil. He discussed  
	as minor differences the presence of scarce cuteaneous glands and the absence of a posterior retractor and a 
	and a bursa or a mass of sperms behind the ovaries.
	A revision and comparison of the entire material show distinct differences between Westblad's and Marcus'
	material. Westblad's specimens are characterized by the presence of a bursa, a posterior retractor, and the 
	absence of cuteaneous glands. The specimens collected by Marcus show the opposite features, i.e. the 
	presence of numerous cutaneous glands and the absence of a posterior retractor and a bursa or sperm mass. 
	Another difference exits in the shape of the copulatory organ. It is thus necessary to regard the specimens
	collected by Westblad and Marcus as different species. Marcus' species belongs to the genus Avagina and its
	species name must be changed according to the article 49 in the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature."

Notes for Avagina marci

Avagina vagina and Proaphanostoma tenuissima may be synonymous or sibling species according to findings of M.
Hooge. Differences in the female reproductive organs, which are most important in distinguishing the two, may
be a matter of degree of development.

Notes for Avagina marci

Hooge M.D. & Rocha C.E.F. 2006 (citation) p. 12 - report this species from the coast of Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Return to Avagina marci