|Hooge MD, Haye P, Tyler S, Litvaitis MK, Kornfield I (2002)
Molecular systematics of the Acoela (Platyhelminthes) and its concordance with morphology.
Molecular Phylogeny and Evolution 24:333-342
Abstract / Notes
"The phylogenetic relationships of the lower worm group Acoela were investigated using newly obtained nuclear 18S rDNA sequences from 16 acoels in combination with 16 acoel sequences available on GenBank from other laboratories. Parsimony and maximum likelihood analyses of the molecular data supported the concept that the Acoela is monophyletic; however, the gene tree produced by these analyses conflicts with the current taxonomic system for the Acoela in several family-level groupings. Most notable is the apparent polyphyly of the largest family of acoels, the Convolutidae. DNA analysis grouped together species of small-bodied convolutids in one clade, while large-bodied convolutids grouped in a separate clade with other large-bodied acoels. Despite such conflicts, the branching pattern in the gene tree is well supported by morphological characters of sperm and body-wall musculature."
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