Turbellarian taxonomic database

Record # 22700
Souza ST, Morais ALM, Bichuette ME, Leal-Zanchet AM (2016)
Two new species of freshwater flatworms (Platyhelminthes: Tricladida: Continenticola) from South American caves.
Zootaxa 4092 (1): 107-121

Abstract / Notes

"The diversity of freshwater triclads in the Neotropical region is considered to be low, but extensive areas of South America remain almost unexplored. Herein we describe two cave-dwelling, new species of Girardia, one from a transition zone of the Cerrado and Caatinga phytophysiognomies and the other from the Cerrado phytophysiognomy. The species from the Cerrado-Caatinga transition is a troglobite, eyeless and whitish; the species from the Cerrado area is possibly a troglophile, since it shows heavily pigmented body and eyes. Each species is easily recognized by a unique combination of features in its external morphology and copulatory apparatus. The two new species of Girardia show a restricted distribution, even the troglophile, and occur in caves without legal protection. Therefore, they must be considered as vulnerable organisms in a conservation context."

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